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MORE FROM JOE ANYBODY ON IMMIGRATION TOPICS http://www.joe-anybody.com/id81.html

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An independent review of U.S. Border Patrol shootings criticizes the agency for 'lack of diligence' in its investigations and suggests that agents' tactics sometimes create a pretext to open fire

WASHINGTON 2.27.14 — Border Patrol agents have deliberately stepped in the path of cars apparently to justify shooting at the drivers and have fired in frustration at people throwing rocks from the Mexican side of the border, according to an independent review of 67 cases that resulted in 19 deaths.

The report by law enforcement experts criticized the Border Patrol for "lack of diligence" in investigating U.S. agents who had fired their weapons. It also said it was unclear whether the agency "consistently and thoroughly reviews" use-of-deadly-force incidents.

U.S. Customs and Border Protection, which had commissioned the review, has tried to prevent the scathing 21-page report from coming to light.

House and Senate oversight committees requested copies last fall but received only a summary that omitted the most controversial findings — that some border agents stood in front of moving vehicles as a pretext to open fire and that agents could have moved away from rock throwers instead of shooting at them.

The Times obtained the full report and the agency's internal response, which runs 23 pages. The response rejects the two major recommendations: barring border agents from shooting at vehicles unless its occupants are trying to kill them, and barring agents from shooting people who throw things that can't cause serious physical injury.

The response, marked "Law Enforcement Sensitive," states that a ban on shooting at rock throwers "could create a more dangerous environment" because many agents operate "in rural or desolate areas, often alone, where concealment, cover and egress is not an option."

If drug smugglers knew border agents were not allowed to shoot at their vehicles, it argues, more drivers would try to run over agents.

The new secretary of Homeland Security, Jeh Johnson, is "reconsidering the response" to the two recommendations, a Homeland Security official said Wednesday. The official spoke on condition of anonymity to discuss internal deliberations.

Mexican authorities have complained for years that U.S. border agents who kill Mexicans are rarely disciplined and that the results of investigations are not made public for years. Critics warn that more deaths or abuses are inevitable unless stricter rules are imposed to limit use of lethal force.

"There needs to be a level of accountability if you want to change the culture and the pattern," said Christopher Wilson, an expert on U.S.-Mexico relations at the Woodrow Wilson Center, a think tank in Washington. "People are being killed that don't need to be killed."

The review was completed in February 2013 by the Police Executive Research Forum, a nonprofit research and policy organization in Washington that works closely with law enforcement agencies. Experts from the group were allowed to examine internal Border Patrol case files on 67 shooting incidents from January 2010 to October 2012.

The authors said evidence in the case files suggested border agents in some cases stood in the road to shoot at drivers who were trying to avoid arrest and who posed no direct lethal threat to them or others.

"It is suspected that in many vehicle shooting cases, the subject driver was attempting to flee from the agents who intentionally put themselves into the exit path of the vehicle, thereby exposing themselves to additional risk and creating justification for the use of deadly force," the report reads. In some cases, "passengers were struck by agents' gunfire."

"It should be recognized that a half-ounce (200-grain) bullet is unlikely to stop a 4,000-pound moving vehicle, and if the driver … is disabled by a bullet, the vehicle will become a totally unguided threat," it says. "Obviously, shooting at a moving vehicle can pose a risk to bystanders including other agents."

The authors recommended training agents "to get out of the way… as opposed to intentionally assuming a position in the path of such vehicles."

They also recommended that the Border Patrol adopt police policies used in most U.S. jurisdictions, which bar officers from firing at a moving vehicle unless deadly force is being used "by means other than a moving vehicle."

Border Patrol officials defended the use-of-force policies, arguing that agents needed broad flexibility to protect themselves and the nation's borders.

"In a lot of cases, Border Patrol agents find themselves in an area where they don't have communications, they don't have immediate backup and often don't have the cover and concealment that urban areas provide when you are dealing with an escalation of force," Border Patrol Chief Michael J. Fisher said in a telephone interview.

Shawn P. Moran, vice president of the Border Patrol union, said the agency was right to reject restrictions on when agents can shoot.

If smugglers "know we aren't allowed to defend ourselves, we would see many more rock attacks …[and] assaults where vehicles try to run down agents because they would know there would be no repercussions," Moran said from San Diego.


ORIGINAL ARTILE WAS PRINTED HERE:
http://www.latimes.com/nation/la-na-border-killings-20140227,0,2649003.story#ixzz2vPdp3C8U




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Presenting--

The Border Militarization Study Guide

THIS ONE WEBSITE HAS LINKS AND PAGES THAT ARE NO LONGER ONLINE

(sorry ~ joe anybody 3/8/14)

End Border Militarization NOW!!!

Immigration reform is a hot topic again following the announcement on January 28th of a bipartisan proposal on the subject--an announcement enthusiastically welcomed by the White House.  However, there are many flaws--among the worst is that it would continue the growth of border militarization.  It is also troubling that this reform proposal moves forward at the same time the White House is trying to secure ratification of the Trans-Pacific Partnership, "NAFTA on steroids"-what would be the largest Free Trade Agreement in the world.  From our office in Tucson, Arizona, we can affirm that the combination of FTAs and militarization has been a recipe for marshall law, economic disruption, displacement and deaths in the desert. 

Therefore, along with our partners at the Coalición de Derechos Humanos and the Coalition for Justice in the Maquiladoras, we are pleased to announce the Border Militarization Study Guide, a 12 lesson course in the effects of border militarization with a focus on action components for each and every lesson. 

We will be releasing the various chapters one by one, every Sunday, over the next 12 weeks, starting February 3rd.  With each release, the new chapter will be added to our website.  Each chapter will include an online action and suggestions for community mobilizations.  However--none of the lessons is "final".  The guide will remain a work in progress--an ongoing draft.  The study guide can never be truly done until border militarization has been stopped. 

This means that we very much want and need to hear from students of the guide so that we can continue to adapt and improve it.  Do you have suggestions?  Questions?  Comments?  Reviews?  Criticisms?  Contributions?  What are your experiences teaching or attending classes?  How about the online experience? Please contact us with your ideas--send an email to james@afgj.org or call 202-544-9355 ext. 3.

WHY A BORDER MILITARIZATION STUDY GUIDE?

Photo by Daquella Manera

Border militarization kills—as simple as that. The combination of Free Trade Agreements (FTAs), a racist culture of fear, and border militarization has created a situation that funnels undocumented workers into the harshest desert terrains. The result: more than 6,000 dead, most from thirst, exposure or dysentery, some shot and killed by the Border Patrol or armed vigilantes. All are casualties of US militarism. We demanded “Troops Out Now!” in Iraq and Afghanistan--we must demand the same for the borderlands.

Unfortunately, there are many willing to compromise on border militarization in order to get some kind of immigration reform. But here in the desert, we find the bodies, we count the dead. That is why the Alliance for Global Justice has prepared this 12-unit Border Militarization Study Guide. We hope this guide will be help people around the country as Congress and the White House consider border policy and immigration reform. It is vital that we educate ourselves and take this struggle to the streets. Without popular pressure, we know what we can expect: half-measures and more troops, weapons and walls.

For the year 2013, immigration reform will be a hot topic.  We must also talk about border militarization, and do everything we can to resist it and end it.

And we must talk about and take action to stop the proposed Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), a huge new FTA that would include the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) signatories (Canada, Mexico and the US) along with Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Chile, Malaysia, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore and Vietnam. Under NAFTA, as bad as it is, any of the member countries can withdraw with six months notice.  The TPP has been described as "NAFTA on steroids" and does not include this option.  The TPP would be the largest FTA in the world.

Photo by SF Pride At Work

It is the one-two punch of neoliberal FTAs and militarization that leaves our borderlands strewn with the bodies of undocumented workers and their families.  More than anything else, the goal of this study guide is to education and inspire new activists in the struggle to end the militarization of the borderlands and to defeat the TPP and to repeal NAFTA.  So, no, this study guide is not meant to be a dry and artificially objective exercise in academic discourse.  The goal is action--action to end this cruel War on the Border--a war against workers everywhere, especially the undocumented; against Chicanos and Chicanas and indigenous in their own native land and against Latinos who are subject to racial profiling in the name of "border security"; against border communities and culture; against the land.  Each chapter will include an internet action component and will include ideas for action and movement building in local communities.

HOW TO USE THIS GUIDE

The Border Militarization Study Guide is an adaptable and evolving project. We have decided to put it out online, rather than publish it in book form, because as conditions and issues change, we will update the material. Likewise, we want to hear from those using the guide—what ideas you have to make it better, what points need clarification, how you are using and teaching it and other considerations you may want to let us know about. If you have any questions or comments, please send an email to James Jordan at james@afgj.org or call 202-544-9355, ext. 3.

This guide can be used both for group or individual study. It could be part of a high school or college curriculum. It could be used at neighborhood centers, Sunday Schools, book clubs, union study sessions—anywhere where people come together to discuss the important issues of the day. For those studying as individuals, there is space for online discussion.

The guide is as adaptable as one needs it to be. Some may choose to take each lesson unit by unit, others may combine lessons, and some may skip sections altogether. For instance—a study by an organization of the non-religious may feel no reason to study the Faith and the Border chapter.

We also recognize that students of this guide will have different levels of time and attention to devote to the lessons.  For instance, someone who works 40 hours a week and more, with a family to take care of, will probably not be able to give as much focus to this course as a student who has woven it into the semester's curriculum.  Therefore, we have highlighted one or two components of each chapter as BASIC MATERIAL that covers the major points being discussed.  That will be followed by additional resources for more in depth treatment of the subject.  Finally, at the end of each lesson, there will be suggestions for further study.

Each chapter includes a Preface, Video and/or Audio Testimony, Feature Articles, Discussion and Group Exercises, Take Action section, Online Discussion Forum, Suggestions for Further Study and a Glossary. Scattered throughout the guide will also be photographs and poetry to augment the lessons.

The Study Guide is broken down into the following ten chapters, or lessons:

NOTE:  The various chapters of the study guide will be released on a weekly basis starting February 4th, 2013. As chapters are published, links will be added to the list below.

  1. Introduction to Border Militarization
  2. Free Trade, Labor and Forced Migration
  3. Border Repression and Human Rights
  4. When the Border Crosses a Family
  5. Border Militarization as Occupation
  6. The Border as Marshall Law
  7. Splitting the Land in Two:  Ecological Effects of Border Militarization
  8. Border Culture versus the Culture of Fear
  9. Faith and the Border
  10. The Border is Everywhere
  11. The United States Has a Drug Problem
  12. The Northern Frontier:  US Militarization of the Americas

Epilogue:  How Do We Resist?

CLASS REGISTRATION

If you are interested in teaching or attending this class in your school, labor union, church or home community, please send an email of inquiry to james@afgj.org .

If you would like to study this course independently and want to be able to post comments on the discussion forum at the end of each chapter, please send an email of inquiry to james@afgj.org .  Of course, those studying the guide in a classroom setting are also authorized to participate in online discussions.

THANKS

Thanks to all the many contributors, organizers, thinkers, staff and others who have supported the development of this guide. Especially we wish to thank the three primary organizations behind the effort: the Coalición de Derechos Humanos, the Coalition for Justice in the Maquiladoras, and the Alliance for Global Justice.

This project simply would not have been possible without the support of the Earlham Border Studies Program and the three interns they provided, who have really shepherded and midwifed this whole thing into being. The word “intern” does not adequately describe what they brought to this project because they were not here just to learn and help out. Indeed, they did more than anyone to develop the concept for this guide and to coordinate all the disparate parts and people and efforts necessary to its completion. Specifically, we would like to express our deepest gratitude to Sophie Kazis, Nasim Chatha and Will Wickham.  Even before the Earlham Border Studies interns, there was Duke Feldmeier, of Prescott College, who helped conceive and initiate this project.

We also want to extend a special thanks to Chelli Stanley, who produced several of the original videos included in the guide and who has helped oversee the organization of all the video components contained herein.

Click here to watch this short, informative video of a visit to the border by the Alliance for Global Justice Board of Directors to learn about the impacts of border militarization.


Like the work AFGJ is doing?

Please support us today.

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12.10.12
 
ICE Meeting with
Sheriff Staton - Portland Oregon
A dozen delegates have a 20 minute conversation in the County Sheriffs
 [Portland Oregon] office on December 10 2012 {Human Rights Day}
The topic was the ICE holds, being conducted by the sheriffs department for the Federal Government. The meeting was to demand the ICE holds discontinue. The sheriff said he would have a public announcement in one week (Monday 12/17.12)
http://youtu.be/AD_xUzeaZzo  (22 min meeting video)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kwIM-15JqTc  (5 min short / out takes)

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5.1.12
 
Undocumented and Unafraid
May Day Protest
May Day Protest in front of Federal Building in Portland Oregon.
The protest was to put public attention regarding the
fear immigrants have concerning and ICE - police collaberations 
part: 1  http://youtu.be/pgY34uqxzcc  - Speeches part 1
part: 2  http://youtu.be/zqC_subtokw  - Speeches part 2
part: 3  http://youtu.be/MEAsr6UQvEY - Arrests part 3

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Oregon New Sanctuary Movement

Oregon New Sanctuary Movement • 2710 NE 14th Ave • Portland OR 97212

503.550.3510 • portlandsanctuary@gmail.com • www.oregonsanctuary.org

February 23, 2012

Board of County Commissioners, Multnomah County

501 SE Hawthorne Blvd, Suite 600

Portland, OR 97214‐3587

Dear Chair Cogan, Commissioner Kafoury, Commissioner Smith, Commissioner Shiprack

and Commissioner McKeel:

We are faith leaders supporting the adoption of the resolution promoting public safety and

against the mandatory implementation of Secure Communities before you today. As faith

leaders, we are very concerned about the impact the Federal “Secure” Communities

program has on our community. Central to all faith traditions are the principles of the

common good, human dignity and love for one’s neighbor. In many of our sacred texts the

value of welcoming the stranger is an explicit mandate and primary tenet of our faith.

The joining of forces of the Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) and local law

enforcement does the opposite of securing our community. As a result of this program, the

trust between local law enforcement and immigrants is grossly eroded. Secure

Communities allows ICE to identify, process, and remove immigrants incarcerated in our

local jails. This leads to further criminalization of migrants where minor violations, often

traffic stops, turn into an investigation of citizenship status. Furthermore, low‐priority nonviolent

offenders or even citizens are being funneled into this program and face

deportation, needlessly separating thousands of families. The implementation of Secure

Communities wastes our scarce public resources that could be used to make our

communities safer.

Our faith now calls us to be part of changing this unjust policy. The resolution before you

today is an important first step in making our community welcoming to all people and a

supporting community that values family unity and fairness. We hope you will support

other measures that will ensure that all people are treated fairly and with dignity. We

believe that you should consider adopting actions that have been taken by other

communities, including Santa Clara County and Cook County, to ensure that our jails do not

honor the optional detainer requests made by ICE based on nationality. We cannot build a

strong community if our community continues to be unnecessarily torn apart.

Sincerely,

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The Current Laws on Immigration are Unjust and Unfair:
Please check this link for all of my previous announcements
and articeles that I have archived on the immigration issues:
 

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Check My Blog out
 
"The Zebra 3 Report"
Immigration Topics

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last updated

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Joe Anybody is in Solidarity with all Immigrants and would prefer to see all borders removed

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